Sunday, May 12 at 8:30am [Session 505], Lost in Iconography? The idea of associating the stages of man with zodiac figures (thus creating 12 stages) may have come to us through Hebrew sources (e.g, the Midrash Tanhuman referenced by Landau, 1920). It should be clear from the above examples, that there was no specific format for cradle-to-grave illustrations. Thus, halos were used a brief indicators of who was who in religious artwork. 54, No. Many other characters precede “aiiv” as in this example on f2v. Icons are considered an essential part of the church and serve as mediums of instruction for the uneducated faithful through the … Sometimes there were fewer stages. To fully appreciate charms, it helps to know a few abbreviations…. The Cocharelli family previously of Provençe and Acre settled in Genoa and created a beautiful 14th-century codex for their children. The reader is instructed to sing Agios Agios Agios to the cattle each evening (ælce æfen) as a form of protection and aid (him to helpe): Agios is sometimes abbreviated as Ai, and the abbreviation aaa is also a shortened version of Agios, Agios, Agios. Koen Gheuens posted a plausible interpretation for the figures at the top of this folio and the idea of the nymphs representing Seth and Horus and a possible reference to a solar eclipse does not fit well with the story of Philomela. But the pattern has an affinity for the ends of tokens and the latter parts of lines and its cousin oiv has a stronger affinity for the beginnings of lines, a pattern that deserves some attention. As Professor Marina Vicelja of the University of Rijeka emphasized, rather than requiring the solitary work so often undertaken in the past, it could and should be seen in light of collaborations, interdisciplinary research, and international networks. Following this coup d’état, many leaders of the Ghibelline families of the Doria (including Corrado and his son Pietro) and Spinola of San Luca, as well as of the Guelf families of the Grimaldi and Fieschi, were forced to flee the city. 5). Institute of the Arts, 1997), 63. Another possibility is the Eurasian spoonbill. Here is an example that is similar in shape and direction to the general outlay of the rosettes folio. Towers similar to the Powder Tower served as portals to the cities of Batteheim and Ensißhein. Here are two examples of medieval tower portals from Cairo, Egypt. Sometimes a wooden layer was wrapped within leather or other materials and the ridge aligned with a cap. And so it is. It is not medieval, it was written in Venice in 1554, but it stands out as an example of how languages and scripts can be jumbled together in less obvious ways, something that could easily have happened in the 14th or 15th centuries, as well. Some had three or four. The user is frequently directed to face east. If there was only one, it was important to know where it was or you could approach from the wrong side and spend hours or days backtracking along treachorous mountainous paths or deep forest. In the following example, the paragraph-end has been padded with a simple pattern in alternating colors: In this example, a more decorative line was added to fill out the last line: Sometimes the last line would be padded with a stretched-out version of the word “AMEN”. Adonai is one of the names of God, frequently included in charms with Eloyim and Sabaoth. Frequently the second and third words are only one or two letters different from the one that came before, as in Adra Adrata Adratta, or Adra Adrata Adracta, or one I see quite frequently, Hel, Hely Heloy (sometimes written Hely, Heloy, Heloe, Heloen or Helion, Heloi, Hel), or the variant shown here as Ely Eloy Elyon: I want to emphasize this because self-similar patterns are quite frequent in the main text of the Voynich Manuscript and I don’t think auto-copying is the only possible explanation. There is a variation on the Wheel of Fortune that has a stronger relationship to astrological/astronomical concepts than the previous examples. Thus, I became suspicious that magic squares might have been used to generate a subset of charm words that are harder to fathom, and then I found this…. In the early 16th century Portuguese navigators named the island Ilha Elefante (Elephant Island) in reference to a large stone elephant that was found there. 2). It wasn’t known in Europe any earlier than the late 17th or 18th century. into the Index from major publications that did not provide the precise Figures composed of spidery lines ending in circles are common in books of Kabbalah, and often the names of angels are expressed this way, as well. A 15th century drawing of Padua shows square merlons, so perhaps Zanchi added some from his imagination. Usually the ending is simply dropped to gradually reduce the word down to one or two characters, but the way the parts are interspersed in this example might be relevant to the VMS, as will be discussed farther down. The term Alchemy has also been related to astrology and kabbalah. covering a little over thirty-one hundred objects, Ivory represented a more , perhaps they carry some of the Virgin Mary, etc., counter-clockwise around the 1320s or,., fishing, digging fields, or with a real sword,:. Gets the idea across, may 12 at 8:30am [ Session 505 ], some examples of medieval iconography, two! 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